Jamàs, 1936/9

Published by D.E.P.P., Spain

Lithographic poster

Jamás (never) is an anti-Communist poster from the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) that was distributed by the Nationalist cause. The poster features a giant red beast (Communism) threatening a Spanish village and its people and a Nationalist soldier defending them. It demonstrates the Nationalist cause of maintaining Spain’s traditional Catholic ideology. 

These food rations coupons (notice the perforated lines) from 1940 depict three Nationalist soldiers running to join their legion. The front image, printed after the conclusion of the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) demonstrates uniformity in action and a sense of duty to Francisco Franco’s new dictatorship. On the back, there are individual coupons for grams of food staples.

Perforated poster with small ration coupons on verso

Unrecorded Spanish artist

Lithograph

Perforated poster with small ration coupons on verso

Unrecorded Spanish artist

Lithograph

Disciplina 

Nicolas Martinez Ortiz

(Spanish, 1907–1990)

Lithographic poster

Disciplina (discipline) is a red and yellow Nationalist poster featuring the design of Nicholas Martinez Ortiz. In the foreground are images of industry while in the background is the head of a soldier. At the bottom of the poster is the stamp of the National Service of Propaganda, making it an official Nationalist poster.

Perforated poster with small ration coupons on verso

Unrecorded Spanish artist

Lithograph

Perforated poster with small ration coupons on verso

Unrecorded Spanish artist

Lithograph

This is a Republican propaganda poster by Juan Antonio. During the Spanish civil war, both sides accused each other of using foreign aid. This poster contrasts with its title by showing several foreign figures that helped the Nationalists. The postcard shows Italy (left), Germany (right), a bishop from the Catholic church (Middle), and Moors from Africa (Behind and in the gallows). 

Los Nacionales, ca. 1937

Designed by Antonio Cañavate 

Published by Ministerio de Propaganda

Lithographic postcard

This is a Spanish propaganda postcard meant to arouse support for the Republican army fighting against Nationalist forces. Its target audience was the working class in Spain, exemplified by the picture of a man wielding a hammer. The silhouetted army in the background serves as a call to action among the working class, and the orange/red coloring symbolizes the blood of those who had died in support of Republican Spain. Additionally, “Treballa Per Als Que Lluiten” is Catalan and translates to “Work for those who struggle,” which served as a call to arms for the working class to fight for their lifestyles and freedoms, as well as Spanish independence. 

División Azul is Falange propaganda telling the story of the Fascist Spanish soldiers who fought alongside Nazi Germany during World War II. The book focuses on the hardships (harsh climate, being away from home, rough terrain) the soldiers experienced and searches to glorify fascist ideals and Fascist Spain.

This is a Republican postcard of attacked locations in Spain during the civil war in February 1937. The words in Catalan state “The airforce and the foreign navy attack the coasts of the East, causing death and desolation amongst the tranquil populations on the coast”. 

Treballa per als que lluiten! (Work for those that fight!), ca. 1937 

Fontseré, Carles ( illustrator ) 
Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya (P.S.U.) 
Unión General de Trabajadores (U.G.T.) 
Sindicat de Dibuixants Professionals (S.D.P.)

Lithographic postcard

Febrer 1937, 1937

Published by Comissarial de Propaganda Generalitat Catalunya 

Lithographic postcard

Division Azul, 1948

Multiple contributors

Printed material

No passaran, 1936/7

Unrecorded Spanish artist

Lithographic poster

No passaran is a Republican poster made to encourage its audience to vote for the National Front of Catalonia. The poster reads “They Will Not Pass” and “Vote for the National Front of Catalonia.” The poster consists of three soldiers who are pointing their guns out whilst crouching behind sandbags covered in bullet holes; this is meant to spark a sense of unity between those fighting against Francoism. 

Evacuad Madrid, 1936/7

Unrecorded Spanish artist

Lithographic poster

Evacuad Madrid (Evacuate Madrid) is an advertisement indicating that the general population should be evacuating the city. One notices the Falangist insignia on the side of the plane, acknowledging that the Nationalist forces are heavily bombing the city. 

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